Python Programming Language is a high-level, interpreted and general-purpose dynamic programming language that focuses on code readability. The syntax in Python helps the programmers to do coding in fewer steps as compared to Java or C++. The language founded in the year 1991 by the developer Guido Van Rossum has the programming easy and fun to do. The Python is widely used in bigger organizations because of its multiple programming paradigms. They usually involve imperative and object-oriented functional programming. It has a comprehensive and large standard library that has automatic memory management and dynamic features.
Why Companies Prefer Python?
Python has topped the charts in recent years over other programming languages like C, C++, and Java and is widely used by the programmers. The language has undergone a drastic change since its release 25 years ago as many add-on features are introduced. The Python 1.0 had the module system of Modula-3 and interacted with Amoeba Operating System with varied functioning tools. Python 2.0 introduced in the year 2000 had features of the garbage collector and Unicode Support. Python 3.0 introduced in the year 2008 had a constructive design that avoids duplicate modules and constructs. With the added features, now the companies are using Python 3.5.
The software development companies prefer Python language because of its versatile features and fewer programming codes. Nearly 14% of the programmers use it on the operating systems like UNIX, Linux, Windows and Mac OS. The programmers of big companies use Python as it has created a mark for itself in the software development with characteristic features like-
Extensible in C++ & C
Advantages or Benefits of Python
The Python language has diversified application in the software development companies such as in gaming, web frameworks and applications, language development, prototyping, graphic design applications, etc. This provides the language a higher plethora over other programming languages used in the industry. Some of its advantages are-
Extensive Support Libraries
It provides large standard libraries that include areas like string operations, Internet, web service tools, operating system interfaces, and protocols. Most of the highly used programming tasks are already scripted into it that limits the length of the codes to be written in Python.
Python integrates the Enterprise Application Integration that makes it easy to develop Web services by invoking COM or COBRA components. It has powerful control capabilities as it calls directly through C, C++ or Java via Jython. Python also processes XML and other markup languages as it can run on all modern operating systems through same byte code.
Improved Programmer's Productivity
The language has extensive support libraries and clean object-oriented designs that increase two to ten fold of programmer's productivity while using languages like Java, VB, Perl, C, C++, and C#.
With its strong process integration features, unit testing framework and enhanced control capabilities contribute towards the increased speed for most applications and productivity of applications. It is a great option for building scalable multi-protocol network applications.
Limitations or Disadvantages of Python
Python has varied advantageous features, and programmers prefer this language to other programming languages because it is easy to learn and code too. However, this language has still not made its place in some computing arenas that includes Enterprise Development Shops. Therefore, this language may not solve some of the enterprise solutions, and limitations include-
Difficulty in Using Other Languages
The Python lovers become so accustomed to its features and its extensive libraries, so they face problem in learning or working on other programming languages. Python experts may see the declaring of cast "values" or variable "types", syntactic requirements of adding curly braces or semicolons as an onerous task.
Weak in Mobile Computing
Python has made its presence on many desktop and server platforms, but it is seen as a weak language for mobile computing. This is the reason very few mobile applications are built in it like Carbonnelle.
Gets Slow in Speed
Python executes with the help of an interpreter instead of the compiler, which causes it to slow down because compilation and execution help it to work normally. On the other hand, it can be seen that it is fast for many web applications too.
The Python language is dynamically typed so it has many design restrictions that are reported by some Python developers. It is even seen that it requires more testing time, and the errors show up when the applications are finally run.
Underdeveloped Database Access Layers
As compared to popular technologies like JDBC and ODBC, Python's database access layer is found to be bit underdeveloped and primitive. However, it cannot be applied in the enterprises that need smooth interaction of complex legacy data.
Python is a robust programming language and provides an easy usage of the code lines, maintenance can be handled in a great way, and debugging can be done easily too. It has gained importance across the globe as computer giant Google has made it one of its official programming languages.