8 Most Popular Programming Languages & Frameworks of 2019 - All Programmer Should Have Knowledge

By Kimberly Cook |Email | Jun 18, 2019 | 7170 Views

Here is the list of 8 best programming languages and frameworks that you should look for in the year 2019 based in various and stats & facts.

In the contemporary world of constant advancements in technology, computers have reached everywhere. Writing programs for computers is one of the most crucial work profiles in the current IT market.

Have you ever wondered what is an even more hectic task than this? It's selecting an appropriate programmer to develop software for your company. For a non-technical person, it's not easy to choose the best programmer out of the ocean of developers.
Here is an image which shows the characteristics on the basis of which you should hire a
software development company.

After selecting the best software developer, the next step is to choose the language which you want to use. It is again a strenuous task for every enterprise who want to outsource this service because the software can bring great business gains for you.

Plenty of companies outsource web developers and this is evident by the findings represented in the image below:

A number of companies rely on web development companies for delivering the service of software development.

Every company has its own way of delivering their services. Therefore, as an aware client, you need to know which is the most suitable language as per your needs. Let's take a glimpse at the most popular languages among developers.
Here are the findings of GitHub report. It shows how many developers are using a particular developing language.

It clearly shows that Javascript is the most preferred language among developers, followed by Python and Java.

There are many other factors other than popularity which decides the most suitable programming language for your software. In this post, we are discussing the top programming languages of 2019 in detail.

By reading the following descriptions, you can get a greater idea about languages in trend this year. Here is a list of top programming languages of 2019:

1. JavaScript:
Javascript is no doubt the most trending language. It is the cornerstone of web development along with HTML and CSS. Introduced in 1995, JavaScript is used by nearly all browsers today and it was what turned web browsers into application platforms.

It has been topping the charts of StackOverflow's annual survey of Programming languages for six years in a row since 2013.

Here is the representation of their survey of 2018 in the following chart:

Being a stepping stone to mastering web development, there's no way JavaScript is going to die down in the near future. Over time, its utility has also increased thanks to its server-side applications through runtime environments such as Node.js- which is used for building applications by tech giants such as Google and Amazon for some of their services.

2. Python:
Python has grown more than any other language in recent years. Before its state of popularity today, it initially gained popularity among developers as it was an easy-to-learn language which required fewer lines of code for executing certain tasks.

But the major reason why it has reached its current state is the explosion of AI, Data Science, and machine learning. It is the most highly used programming language in the field of data science.

The picture above shows the traffic of different Python packages. Pandas which was introduced in 2011 is the fastest growing python package. It is a multi-purpose language which can be used by software product development companies for data science as well as web designing.

3. Java:
This language has survived at the peak in the programming industry from the past 20 years. It is widely used for building enterprise scale web application. Android mobile app developers also rely on this language as the OS itself was based on Java.

It is considered as one of the most stable languages. This is why it is the most preferred language by large enterprises. Another important factor which has kept its magic intact among web development companies is its independence from platforms, which helps developers to essentially ‚??write once, work anywhere‚??

The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) allows it to run on various devices and platforms. Most of the fortune 500 companies use Java to develop back-end applications. While it is being outpaced in terms of growth by other languages, it still remains a fundamental part of most software ecosystems.

4. PHP:
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and is a popular scripting language found in 1995. Newer languages could not make any difference to the popularity of PHP frameworks for a long time. This is mainly because it kept on evolving throughout these years, until now.

But still, there are many websites which still work on PHP. One of them is the world's most widely used CMS platform, WordPress- used on 33% of the websites on the internet.

It is the best server-side programming language according to a survey by w3techs.com.

It has over-the-top benefits like libraries and modules which assure dynamic software development. There are many PHP development companies, which use this language for creating enterprise-grade web applications with varying complexity.

5. SQL:
Out of 19 million developers in the world, 7 million are using SQL according to the Evans Data Corporation. You can get an idea about the immense popularity of this language from these statistics.

The chief reason behind this is its amazing feature of managing data structures and information stored in databases. SQL stands for Structured Query Language and allows faster retrieving of a large number of database records.

The secured functioning of this programming language assists in maintaining the integrity of databases. If you require proficient data management then choose a SQL developer for optimum outcomes.

6. Ruby:
This language was developed in Japan in the mid-1990s. Ruby is a dynamic language which was constructed with an aim to simplify the programming task and making it more fun. When you look at the data of RedMonk you will get an idea about the popularity of Ruby.

Ruby is at 8th position and at the top among other programming languages. The major reason behind this is the Ruby of rails framework which is a full-stack web development framework.

7. C/C++:
When this programming language comes into the light, every custom software developer can agree to the fact that old is gold. It was introduced in the 1970s and is considered the mother of all languages.

It would not be wrong to state that C is the parent language of many modern languages. Including the popular Java is derived from its syntax. C++ is a more dynamic language because its code is type-checked before it gets actually executed.

A major difference between these languages is that C does not supports encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance but C++ does support all of these.

8. Swift:
Do you know how many iOS apps are there? Here is a table constructed from the findings of Lifewire:

Swift was developed by Apple Inc and introduced in the market in 2014. This language is the best choice for the development of native iOS or MAC OS app. Apart from this, it is a beginners' friendly language.

Influenced by Python and ruby, it is faster and more secure than both of them. The biggest advantage for Swift (majorly used by iOS app developers) is its similarity with the English language due to less code requirement.

Source: HOB