Big Data and Internet of Things have a bright future with Java.

Oct 22, 2018 | 4818 Views

The rise of digital age has forced companies to change their business models. The dependence on data in analysing today's market is uncanny. The current capability to analysis is not at par to the rate at which the data is being produced. That is why big data analytics is in place with high end analytic tools, like Hadoop. Hadoop is a Java-based programming framework with high-level computational power that enables us to process large data sets. 
Internet of Things is the next best thing after internet that is has taken the world by storm, established on embedded technology and Artificial Intelligence, the technology is built so it can turn machines to perform like humans. Implementing an embedded system needs a few applications this is where java plays an important role in Internet of Things.
Java is one of those technologies that have maintained itself over time, it has never gone outdated, and it has been a trustworthy platform. Java has a role which is everywhere even with so many new technologies coming and being around. 
Internet of things and what it does?
The work of IoT as a technology is to collect, manage, process and share large quantity of data from n- numbers of various electronic devices and different sensors to other devices that are connected so they can make decisions in real time. In layman's term it creates intelligent devices. An example of these intelligent networking systems is the automated security system in a house. 
However, enabling the IoT would need programs that help the device to easily connect with other devices and to maintain the connectivity all around the system. Here, Java comes into the picture with its networking programming capability.
So what is the role of Java in IoT?
Independent platform
when it comes to developing an IoT system it is important to keep in mind that there is independence in platform. These are some of the factors you can put into consideration when one is developing an entrenched application. 
1. Processor
2. Real time operating system
3. Different protocols that will be used to connect the devices
One thing that abstruse all of the above factors is Java ME. This platform gives IoT applications the freedom to moves through various different devices and that too without changing the codes of those applications. One of the advantages of this is that it helps apply a write once and prototype everywhere facility and that too on various types of hardware platforms. IoT usually handles embedded systems, the one thing that developers need to do is having different chipsets or operating system for software as per the requirements.
Portability
one of the main reasons to choose Java for IoT development is network portability, almost every device that is being used in today's world from your laptops to your phones is using Java, not only that the networking capabilities it provides makes it one of the most integral part of the internet and a good fit for IoT.
Easy Accessibility with the Best Functionalities
A developer can easily learn Java, and with its best level of object-oriented features, it provides the best level of services in an application. For example, security and scalability are two important parameters in the industry while dealing with IoT devices, and Java meets that requirement. With a huge ecosystem already in place, Java makes itself more suitable for the IoT. Hence, developers with advanced Java knowledge are working on innovative IoT solutions to create a connected digital world.
Extensive APIs
Java offers its users the advantage of using an extensive list of APIs, which they need to apply rather than rewriting during the making of an embedded application. It makes Java a perfect choice for IoT programmers.
Flexible and Easy to Migrate
One of the primary reasons IoT programmers gravitate towards Java is because of its flexibility and virtual availability everywhere. Essentially, you can do anything with Java. The migration capability of any Java application is high. The reason behind it is, if an application is developed using Java, there will not be many issues during the migration to a new platform, and the overall process will be less prone to error.
The various Benefits of Using Java for IoT?
When we embed Java for IoT, as a user, we receive numerous benefits that ultimately reap in business benefits along with technical enhancement.
Here are some of the major benefits:
1. Higher resource availability - Being in a technology space over a long period of time, Java has built up a strong community that consists of millions of developers around the world. It is a diverse ecosystem, and with a strong community back up, it is easier for a developer to learn Java than any other language. Hence, it helps to meet the goal of achieving a connected system.
2. Enhanced device performance - In IoT, mainly, the Java-embedded code is used, which helps create an enhanced information exchange among devices on a timely basis and makes devices more integrated.
3. Enhanced product life-cycle due to high adaptability - With Java, a product has the ability to upgrade itself according to the business requirements and changes coming up in the market. Moreover, it manages itself without any glitch. Therefore, the overall product life-cycle enhances with the use of Java.
4. Increased marketability - Since the product lifecycle gets increased with the reusability of modules, the overall market credibility of the product increases automatically.
5. Reduced support cost - As Java Embedded provides the ability to auto update and manage a product, the support cost gets reduced significantly.
6. Secure and reliable - With the enhanced security feature of Java, any IoT device will gain security and reliability assurance over the Internet.
Role of Java in Big Data
When we talk about big data, the first thing that comes to our mind is what does it actually do? Well, big data deals with enormous data sets, either formatted or unformatted, and processes them to provide a valid output to the businesses in the required format. Here are few main purposes of big data:
1. To process a huge set of data and gain insights into a trend
2. To use processed data for machine learning purposes and create automated processes or systems
3. Using big data for complex pattern analysis
For the functionalities mentioned earlier, tools are predominantly used. Some of the popular tools are Apache Hadoop, Apache Spark, Apache Storm, and many more. Most of these tools are Java-based, and Java concepts are widely used for data processing.
Interrelation of Big Data and IoT 
As IoT continues to grow, it has become one of the key sources of an infrequent amount of data. The data may be sourced from hundreds to thousands or even larger numbers of IoT devices as random data. This huge set of data also needs analysis through big data. Thus, there is an interdependency of both the technologies where Java works as a common platform.
The Future Role of Java in Big Data and IoT
IoT is triggering millions of devices to connect online, which is resulting in more data than ever before. These massive data sets need large amounts of storage and management. For this purpose, big data technologies must be augmented to handle data effectively. Interestingly, technology giants, like Google and Apache, are contributing to more libraries for technology advancement. As we have discussed the role of Java in big data and IoT, it is expected that Java development will play the more aggressive role moving forward.
Overall, Java has always been considered a popular and useful technology, while also being a trusted platform when compared to all other programming languages on the market. Though there are numerous programming languages in place with easier interfaces, like Pig, Ruby, and many more; still, people show their gravity towards Java. As a result, the numbers of Java programmers are increasing every day.

Source: HOB