Coding is the toughest work for the growth of the software. Writing code can sometimes be the most difficult part of any software development process. For the projects which are big, you need to have organized everything from the beginning just as the process of coding and the management of coding may become time-consuming and can also have a headache.
The code which is good, can easily be maintained, reused and tested. The following tips give you the way of managing the various tasks and keeping things sorted. I will introduce you to some best practices that will help you write better code and brings efficiency in you and your team.
1. Use a Coding Standard
The code which is not appropriate and not well written is very difficult for maintaining. Good code always follows some standard for naming conventions, formatting, etc. These standards are nice as things become deterministic for the ones who read your code later, it can be you.
Your personal coding standard can also be created, but if you stick to one code which is having a wider acceptance, it will be better. Publicly maintained standards like Zend Framework Coding Standard or soon to be PSR 1 Coding Style Guide instead, it will be easier for others to adapt.
2. Write Useful Comments
There are many crucial comments. The comments which are useful make things easier for you and as well as for the ones who will be maintaining the code after you.
A comment should be appropriate and to the point, the descriptions for the functions and for the blocks which are logically tricky should be functional and always write full parameters, describe the logic in words before it if necessary. Do not forget to keep your comments up to date.
The developers who are highly effective, code refactoring is the eighth habit for them. You should be having a habit of refactoring your code on the regular basis, otherwise, your code becomes old! Your code is healthy and new till the time you keep on refactoring it, but there might be a question in your mind that what should you refactor and how will you do it? Everything needs to be refactored, from the building to your methods and the functions, the variable names and the number of arguments which is received by this method.
4. Use Automated Build Tools
For preparing your source you should try and use tools like Ant or Phing. For controlling and avoiding the errors, which are inherent when you are performing the tasks which are repeated, you need to have your application building in a single command and is a general core prerequisite for automated testing strategies.
5. Use Code Documenters
You should already have an API document which is automatically generated, For large applications spanning several classes. The development team is benefited from it and it is very helpful. And working on multiple projects will give such documentation a blessing. One such documented you might consider using is DocBlox.
6. Use a Testing Framework
We have several tools which are helpful, and these are the frameworks which help in automating the process of testing. Testing is very difficult for every single application. For testing the unit, you have testing tools like PHP unit and the Simple Test for your PHP classes.