Everybody talks about the Internet of Things, the IoT but how is the IoT actually going to change our lives?
The Internet of Things is creating a new world, a quantifiable and measureable world, where people and businesses can manage their assets in better informed ways, and can make more timely and better informed decisions about what they want or need to do. By sensing our surrounding environment, the IoT will create many practical improvements in our world, increasing our convenience, health and safety, while at the same time improving energy efficiency and comfort. The IoT will be a new source of wealth creation.
Understanding Internet of things with the help of example of a mobile phone. Our mobile phones has GPS tracking it also has mobile gyroscope you have adaptive brightness which gets adjusted based on the light falling on it you can have voice recognition and you also have face detection which identifies who is the user now again iPhone X is coming with face detection so again these are a lot of features that are coming pre-built on the mobile as such and most of these have a common interaction between them because let's say one application can use of these features I can also have these features in itself being interacting with each other. Let's say based on GPS location my brightness could be adjusted or based on the direction my phone is being held the brightness in itself can also be addressed in as well so there are a lot of features but when they interact with each other these features come together to bring in a better system than anything that they can provide individually as such that's what Internet of Things is all about.
Internet of Things is a platform where we can connect everyday things which are embedded with either electronics software or sensors to the internet and this in turn enables us to collect as well as exchange between these things now then I say things can be anything and everything.
For example, if I have an internet platform wherein I can connect my lock, AC, Light and all this can be managed on the same platform. Now since I have a platform so if I can also connect my car to this I can keep a track of my speed limit I can also keep track of the location of the cars as well now if there is a collector platform where all of these are connected wouldn't it be great because I would love to have the AC on and set a cool temperature at my home by the time I reach back from office if I have a platform that knows my preference and that keeps track of where I am and where I am going to then it can also identify that I'm going to then it can also identify that I'm going from work back to home and my preference suggest that it would be best if there was an easy temperature of about 22 or 23 degree centigrade and this is something that is definitely possible through the Internet of Things. This is a platform through which all these things are connected through the internet. So internet becomes the medium through which you are connecting all these components to work properly.
IoT allows us to achieve the true potential of the technology.
Connect: Connect various things to the IoT platform.
Analyze: Analyze the data collected and use it to build business intelligence.
Integrate: Integrate various models to improve user experience.
Why do we need Internet of Things?
Let's understand the need of Internet of Things with the help of example, a patient at home is on constant life-support and his status is being checked to a health monitoring system present on the clock. At a point there is certain issue with respect to his health like there's some irregularity with his heartbeat or his blood pressure is low there is some fluid being lap so what happens is since the system on the cloud is connected to a hospital as well this information would get passed on to the hospital and then what would happen is that they would get the complete details with respect to the patient and the important information with respect to the current situation of the patient as well as made aware with respect to what issue exactly is the patient facing as well as enable them to dispatch an ambulance immediately to bring the patient back to the hospital. These all these can only be possible with the help of Internet of Things.
Benefits of Internet of Things:
Following are the benefits of the IoT:
Efficient resource utilization
Minimizing human efforts
Development of AI through IoT
IoT devices are classified in three categories:
Wearables: Wearables are the devices that people carry with them, which usually connect via Bluetooth to a smart phone, and from there to the Internet. This category includes devices such as smart watches, fitness bands and devices to help people to live more mindfully increasing the wearer's awareness of how well they sleep, how much they move around, monitoring their vital signs, etc.
Smart Home Devices: Smart home devices are also part of the IoT and usually connect to the Internet via ZigBee low power wireless communication and the home router. These include all domestic devices, from lights and light switches to motion sensors, thermostats, door locks and automated curtains. Via its Wi-Fi connection to the router, the smart phone also becomes an online dashboard and control device for Smart Home applications.
M2M Device: M2M (Machine to Machine) devices, comprises devices that are directly connected to the cellular network, such as cars that can report their location in case of an accident or theft, or vending machines that can call in when their stocks are running low.
The growth of the IoT can be compared with the growth of the automobile industry. Picture the first cars hitting the road: there were no freeways, no road signs, no rules, no driving licenses. Pedestrians did not know to get out of the way. Drivers did not know how to take turns at intersections. Neither drivers nor pedestrians understood the risks and liabilities, giving no consideration to liability and insurance.
Hence, the IoT will change the world in an even more profound way than has the Internet. If we ask someone today how the world existed before Internet, they are speechless. They have no comprehension of how people could communicate or even live their lives without the common place tools we have today. The same will happen with the IoT.